Intersectionality is essential for the feminist movement
February 2, 2018
The day after Trump’s inauguration, millions of people filled the streets to protest his presidency at Women’s Marches held around the country. It seems that because of Trump’s demeaning behavior towards women, a new feminist movement had been ignited.
Like many other Minnesotans, we were motivated to join the protesters walking through St. Paul streets to the Capitol that day. While there, we experienced invigorating and empowering feelings as we marched with so many people carrying signs and yelling chants testifying to women’s power, solidarity, and enduring belief in a different kind of world. Yet even in the midst of it, we felt waves of discomfort as we noticed the march appeared to be dominated by white people.
We remember reflecting on this discomfort afterward, and asking ourselves: why was the march, and so much of the current outrage in response to Trump’s presidency, exclusively focused on women? Why did it seem that the concerns of white women were so prominent in the feminism that we were seeing – especially given that Trump’s despicable behavior targeted so many marginalized groups? What about all his comments on immigration, and his disrespect towards Muslims? What about his insulting imitation of a reporter with a disability? Something about the march did not feel fully inclusive. It was clear there was something missing: true intersectionality.
Intersectionality is necessary for any inclusive, progressive movement. According to South sophomore Shadia Nurein, “[Intersectional feminism is] when all types of [concerns and perspectives] are incorporated into your feminism… It’s about the LGBT community, it’s about people of color, it includes trans women and low-income [women], different religions, stuff like that.” To create true progress for everyone, feminism needs to be intersectional.
In reality, every woman in American faces experiences some type of gender oppression. Yet women of color, LGBTQ+ women, women with disabilities, and others face oppression for multiple reasons that make living life as a woman even harder. This is why it’s more important than ever that feminism includes bringing awareness to all different kinds of oppression that women face.
Feminism that doesn’t acknowledge the different types of oppression marginalized women can face is categorized as white feminism. Historically, mainstream feminism has solely consisted of white feminism. During the women’s suffrage movement in the 1920s only white women eventually gained the right to vote. The 1960s feminist movement was more concerned with issues that pertained mainly to white women such as dismantling the image of the “happy housewife.” These historical trends persist within the feminist movement today and need to be addressed.
“White women are so privileged and they obviously need to be feminists… but there are so many women… who definitely don’t have as many privileges as they do, and they get so overlooked,” said senior Lydia Zupanc.
Within the feminist movement, the wage gap is commonly brought up to show how women are not treated equally to men. However, the statistic often used that supposedly illustrates the inequality all women face actually only pertains to white women.
According to the National Committee on Pay Equity, white women earn on average 77% of a white man’s earnings. What usually goes unmentioned is that black women earn 66%, Native women earn 57%, and Latina women earn 54%. The significant disparities between groups, often goes unmentioned and the compounding effect of race on gender oppression is often disregarded.
“White feminism is [when] white women think their way of being a woman is the only way of being a women… Not saying that their problems aren’t relevant, but they don’t look at other peoples issues and what they have to go through,” Nurein said.
White feminism often excludes not only women of color but also women on the LGBTQ+ spectrum, such as trans women. This exclusivity can be seen in many situations, such as at the Women’s March. As junior Natashia Otiso said in a text interview, “The representation of trans folks as well as non-binary folks [at the march] was limited. It was very anatomically focused, like saying only women have uteruses.”
Zupanc described the march and the feminist resurgence it sparked as “kind of a big issue for a lot of intersectional feminists because it [is] a very white-dominated movement. It was really great to see all these people showing their support [at the march]… but a lot of their propaganda was very hetero-normative and cis-normative.”
Intersectionality is a crucial part of understanding the experiences women go through. “It’s important for people to feel like they have a place in a movement regardless of sexual orientation, gender, class, race [etc.],” said Otiso. “We can’t make a difference if we aren’t inclusive of all identities because without that, we lose experiences (of others) that some of us may not understand.”
To have intersectional feminism, all movements that fight oppression must be acknowledged. As Nurein described, “[Intersectional feminism] looks like talking about Black Lives Matter, it looks like talking about Muslim women being judged for wearing the hijab… it includes women that are open with their sexuality.”
Intersectionality can be a difficult topic, but it needs to be talked about. As sophomore Leticia Ramirez said, “It’s pushed away whenever it’s brought up, so [people need to] keep speaking up… You shouldn’t be put in a box.”
For effective and impactful feminism it is crucial that as cis white women we recognize our privilege and fight all types of discrimination, while making sure to not to overshadow the voices of women from historically marginalized groups. Feminism is as much about recognizing your own privileges as it is about recognizing your oppression.